1. Social Security Administration, 1994 and later, Social Security Death Index Database, public domain data, (LDS FHL CD-ROM database and various other vendors).
2. Anonymous, 1989, Our Savior's Lutheran Church Cemetery, Butternut Township, Section 21, Blue Earth County, Minnesota, Tombstone Transcriptions, 18 p., [LDS FHL microfilm 1674228 #2].
3. Thordson, Lorraine Halvorson, 1974, The Halvorson Family Tree Booklet,, Published by Lorraine Halvorson Thordson, 47 p., [LDS FHL microfilm 1727954], (archive: Brown County Historical Society, Clement Halvorson family file; Michael A. Hobart collection).
4. Laingen, Theodore P., 1905-1953, Diaries and account books, unpublished ms., (1913, 1953 have detailed family data), (Michael A. Hobart collection).
5. Fritsche, L. A., ed., 1916, History of Brown County, Minnesota, Indianapolis, IN: B. F. Bowen & Company, 2 vols.
6. Watonwan County (Minnesota), Clerk of District Court, 1989, Death records: index 1870-1986, registers 1870-1906, Salt Lake City, UT: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1 microfilm roll, [LDS FHL microfilm 1671932#2-4].
7. Linden Evangelical Lutheran Church (Hanska, Brown Co., MN), 1990, Church records, 1859-1989, Salt Lake City, UT: Genealogical Society of Utah, [LDS FHL microfilm 1671378 #5-7].
8. Hudson, Stanley, 1990, Butternut Cemetery Records, Butternut Valley, Blue Earth Co., MN, Salt Lake City, UT: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1 microfilm roll, [LDS FHL microfilm 1674227#5].
9. Blue Earth County, Minnesota, District Court, 1983, Vital records (births), 1870-1927, Salt Lake City, UT : Genealogical Society of Utah, 2 microfilm rolls, [LDS FHL microfilms 1309284/85].
10. Laingen, Lucile, 1998 to date, "Correspondence and family history materials," Michael A. Hobart collection.
11. Hobart, Rose A., 1967-1992, "Personal communications," [Michael A. Hobart collection].
12. Norge Politikammer (Kristiania, Oslo), 1962-1992, Emigrantprotokoller, 1867-1966, Salt Lake City, UT: Genealogical Society of Utah, 38 microfilm rolls, [LDS FHL microfilms 353081/98, 1694021/22, 1693993/94, 1693997/98, 1694007/13, 1694019/21, 1694023/25], White Star advice 212.
13. Ibid. (b. 14, p. 84).
14. Den Norske kirke, Lom prestegjeld (Oppland), 1949-1993, Kirkeboker, 1733-1922, Salt Lake City, UT: Genealogical Society of Utah, 7 microfilm rolls, [LDS FHL microfilms 125511/2, 307267, 1282596/7, 1694645].
15. Grimstad, Amund, 1997 to date, "Personal communications (incl. Gedcom file)," Michael A. Hobart.
16. Anonymous, 1935, Minneapolis Directory Company's Minneapolis (Minnesota) city directory, Minneapolis, MN: Minneapolis Directory Company., 2 microfilm reels, (Woodbrige, CT: Research Publications, microfilm edition, 1980-1984), [LDS FHL microfilms 1611822/3].
17. Laingen, Lowell Bruce, 1996 to date, "Letters to Mike Hobart with data about Laingen family and photographs, including letter and chart from Rolv Laingen, letter from Svein Morton Laingen," (Michael A. Hobart collection).
18. Lurie, ca. 1976, Lurie index of people in Chicago in 1937 as well as all of the voters' registration for Chicago, Tucson, AZ: Reproduction, Inc., 38 microfilm rolls, [LDS FHL microfilms 933501/38].
19. Blue Earth County, Minnesota, District Court, 1983, Vital records (marriages, including license applications), 1865-1915, Salt Lake City, UT : Genealogical Society of Utah, 10 microfilm rolls, [LDS FHL microfilms 1309275/84].
20. Zins, Mary Ann, 1993, Mary Zins obituary and marriage collection, ca. 1896-1988, New Ulm, MN: Brown County Historical Society, 5 microfilm rolls, [LDS FHL microfilms 1888040/1888043, 1888201].
21. Ulvestad, Martin, 1907-14, Nordmændene i Amerika, deres Historie og Rekord, Minneapolis, MN: History Book Company's forlag, 2 vols., (in Norwegian), 1008 p.
22. Norlie, Rev. O. M., 1918, Norske Lutherske Menigheter i Amerika, Minneapolis, MN: Augsburg Publishing House, 2 vols., (in Norwegian).
23. Feder, Barbara Laingen, 1996 to date, "Laingen family information and newspaper clippings (including material from Carolyn Hansen Case)," (Michael A. Hobart collection).
24. Knudson, Shirley R., ed., 1995, History of Watonwan County, Minnesota, Dallas, TX: Curtis Media, Inc., iv+453 p.
25. Quebec Officer of Customs, 1973, Passenger List, 1865-1900, index 1865-1869, Montreal, Quebec: Public Archives of Canada, 53 microfilm rolls, [LDS FHL microfilms 889440/467, 1818591/98, 1818782/87, 1819055/56, 1819070, 1819163/67, 1819272/74].
26. Schrader, Julie Hiller, ed., 1990, The Heritage of Blue Earth County, Minnesota, Dallas, TX: Curtis Media Corporation, vi+976 p.
27. Sandberg, Per-Øivind, 4 July 1996, "Letter regarding the death record and probate of Thora Paulsdatter (Laingen)," 2 p., (Michael A. Hobart collection).
28. Den Norske kirke, Vågå prestegjeld (Oppland), 1949-1991, Kirkeboker, 1736-1924, Salt Lake City, UT: Genealogical Society of Utah, 8 microfilm rolls, [LDS FHL microfilms 125631/2, 307268/9, 1282597, 1283327/8].
29. Blue Earth County, Minnesota, District Court, 1983, Vital records (deaths), 1870-1927, Salt Lake City, UT : Genealogical Society of Utah, 3 microfilm rolls, [LDS FHL microfilms 1309284/86].
30. Minnesota District Court (Cottonwood County), 1985, Vital Records and Indices, 1871-1954 (marriages), Salt Lake City, UT: Genealogical Society of Utah, 3 microfilm rolls, [LDS FHL microfilms 1428608/10].
31. Minnesota District Court (Cottonwood County), 1985, Vital Records and Indices, 1871-1954 (deaths), Salt Lake City, UT: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1 microfilm roll, [LDS FHL microfilms 1428610].
32. Nestande, Helge, 1987, Rønnaug og Torkjell Torkveen's Felles Røter, Norway: Helge Nestande, 106 p., (copy provided by Bruce Laingen), Michael A. Hobart collection.
33. Laingen, Theodore P., 1883-1893, Autograph book 1883-1893 (with later entries), unpublished ms., n. p., (Michael A. Hobart collection).
34. Anderson, Mary Ann (Cottonwood Co., MN, recorder), 18 June 1997, "Letter to Michael A. Hobart," [Michael A. Hobart collection].
35. Dovre Data Archive, 2000, "Matrikkel 1886, Lom - Garmo sogn," http://home.sol.no/~ddarkiv/kilder/Mtr-514a.htm.
36. Norge Politikammer (Kristiania, Oslo), 1962-1992, Emigrantprotokoller, 1867-1966, Salt Lake City, UT: Genealogical Society of Utah, 38 microfilm rolls, [LDS FHL microfilms 353081/98, 1694021/22, 1693993/94, 1693997/98, 1694007/13, 1694019/21, 1694023/25].
37. Laingen, Theodore P., 1905-1953, Diaries and account books, unpublished ms., (1913, 1953 have detailed family data), (Michael A. Hobart collection), (1929).
38. Nelson, P. Jeanne, 1998 to date, "Personal communications," Michael A. Hobart collection.
39. Den Norske kirke, Lom prestegjeld (Oppland), 1949-1993, Kirkeboker, 1733-1922, Salt Lake City, UT: Genealogical Society of Utah, 7 microfilm rolls, [LDS FHL microfilms 125511/2, 307267, 1282596/7, 1694645], (b. 7, p. 23).
40. Ibid. (b. 1, p. 162).
41. Klettum, Norumm, n.d., Kjestad family ancestral file submission, [IGI batch 6020169, LDS FHL microfilm 1621509], Tyristubbveien 19, 0687 Oslo 6, Norway.
42. Hougen, Engebret, 1953-1974, Ættesoge for Gudbrandsdalen, Lillehammer, Norway: Dølaringen Boklag Gausa, 3 vols., 263+191+199 p.
43. Neumann, H. H., Erling Bruheim, and Anna Bruheim, 1946-1969, Attebok for Skjaak, Skjaak, Norway: Utgjeve av Skjaak Historielag, 2 vols., 302+236 p.
44. Den Norske kirke, Lom prestegjeld (Oppland), 1949-1993, Kirkeboker, 1733-1922, Salt Lake City, UT: Genealogical Society of Utah, 7 microfilm rolls, [LDS FHL microfilms 125511/2, 307267, 1282596/7, 1694645], (b. 43, p. 315).
45. Ibid. (b. 43, pp. 72, 342).
46. Ibid. (b. 43, p. 72).
47. Ibid. (b. 7, p. 342).
48. Ibid. (b. 7, p. 177).
49. Ibid. (b. 2, p. 467).
50. Watonwan County (Minnesota), Clerk of District Court, 1989, Death records: index 1870-1986, registers 1870-1906, Salt Lake City, UT: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1 microfilm roll, [LDS FHL microfilm 1671932#2-4], (v. 1967, p. 493, l. 4).
51. Brown County (Minnesota) Register of Deeds, 1984, Deed records, 1857-1911, Salt Lake City, UT : Genealogical Society of Utah, 16 microfilm rolls, [LDS FHL microfilms 1411876/82, 1404974/82], (v. 40, pp. 621-622).
52. Brown County (Minnesota) Clerk of District Court, 1993, Marriage records, 1857-1951, Salt Lake City, UT: Genealogical Society of Utah, 9 microfilm rolls, [LDS FHL microfilms 1870313/5, 1870484/9].
53. Brown County (Minnesota) Clerk of District Court, 1993, Death records, 1870-1993; Indices: v. 1-3, A-K, Salt Lake City, UT: Genealogical Society of Utah, 18 microfilm rolls, [LDS FHL microfilms 1871533/7, 1871690/2, 1871986/91, 1872174/7, 1872301/5, 1887236/7].
54. Helling, J. S., 1981, Linden Lutheran Cemetery [Linden, Brown Co., MN], Salt Lake City, UT: Genealogical Society of Utah, typescript, 51 p., [LDS FHL microfilm 1671378 #8-9].
55. Brown County (Minnesota) Register of Deeds, 1984, Deed records, 1857-1911, Salt Lake City, UT : Genealogical Society of Utah, 16 microfilm rolls, [LDS FHL microfilms 1411876/82, 1404974/82].
56. Brown County (Minnesota) Clerk of District Court, 1993, Birth records, 1863-1949, Salt Lake City, UT: Genealogical Society of Utah, 4 microfilm rolls, [LDS FHL microfilms 1870146/7, 1870313, 1370987].
57. Watonwan County (Minnesota), Clerk of District Court, 1989, Death records: index 1870-1986, registers 1870-1906, Salt Lake City, UT: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1 microfilm roll, [LDS FHL microfilm 1671932#2-4], (v. 1953, p. 155, l. 1).
58. Brown County (Minnesota) Clerk of District Court, 1993, Marriage records, 1857-1951, Salt Lake City, UT: Genealogical Society of Utah, 9 microfilm rolls, [LDS FHL microfilms 1870313/5, 1870484/9], (v. O, p. 207).
59. Brown County Historical Society, 1990, Family files, circa 1855-1990, New Ulm, MN: Brown County Historical Society, 44 microfilm rolls, [LDS FHL microfilms 1704524/6, 1887783, 1887573/9, 1887639/42, 1705373, 1710414, 1710583/4, 1710778, 1711000/1, 1711153, 1727953/5, 1728024, 1728445/9, 1728583/4, 1728798/9, 1065050/1, 1065140/1, 1064624, 1064889/91].
60. Ofigsbø, Hallvard, 1926, Gudbrandsdals Boka: Folg og Yrkje, Oslo, Norway: Renta Hjaa Johansen & Nielsen, viii+396 p.
61. Knudson, Peder, 1998 to date, "Personal communications," Michael A. Hobart collections.
62. Den Norske kirke, Sør-Odal prestegjeld (Hedmark), 1949-1991, Kirkebøker, 1689-1974, Salt Lake City, UT: Genealogical Society of Utah, 17 microfilm rolls, [LDS FHL microfilms 124376/78, 307236/39, 1282609/10, 1283319/20, 1677798/800, 1693956/57, 1693987].
63. Kirkeby, Birger, 1971 to date, Sør-Odal Bygdebok, Sør-Odal, Norway: Sør-Odal Kommune, 8 volumes to date.
64. Minnesota District Court (Cottonwood County), 1985, Vital Records and Indices, 1871-1954 (births), Salt Lake City, UT: Genealogical Society of Utah, 2 microfilm rolls, [LDS FHL microfilms 1428607/08].
65. Den Norske kirke, Nord-Aurdal prestegjeld (Oppland), 1949-1993, Kirkeboker, 1692-1932, Salt Lake City, UT: Genealogical Society of Utah, 16 microfilm rolls, [LDS FHL microfilms 125514/19, 307309/13, 1282582/83, 1283340, 1677795, 1694646], (b. 7, pp. 355-6; b. 113, p. 70).
66. District Court (Blue Earth County, Minnesota), 1983, Naturalization records, ca. 1856-1906, Salt Lake City, UT: Genealogical Societty of Utah, 3 microfilm rolls, [LDS FHL microfilms 1309273/75], (v. 2, p. 482).
67. Ibid. (v. C, p. 451).
68. Den Norske kirke, Øyer prestegjeld (Oppland), 1949-1993, Kirkebøker, 1671-1929, Salt Lake City, UT: Genealogical Society of Utah, 10 microfilm rolls, [LDS FHL microfilms 125545/46, 307278/80, 1282600, 1677792, 1693968, 1693976, 1694650], (b. 7, pp. 287-8).
69. Ibid. (b. 60, p. 309).
70. Den Norske kirke, Nes prestegjeld (Buskerud), 1948-1991, Kirkebøker, 1693-1925, Salt Lake City, UT: Genealogical Society of Utah, 8 microfilm rolls, [LDS FHL microfilms 123839/41, 278204, 1283055#3, 1693881#3], b. 8, pp. 372-3.
71. Østro, Terje, 1961-1993, Boka om Gol: Gards- og Ættesoge, Gol, Norway: Gol Kommune, Gards- og Ættesogenemnda, b. 7B, p. 824.
72. Minnesota District Court (Jackson County), 1984, Vital records and indexes, 1868-1945 (marriages), Salt Lake City, UT: Genealogical Society of Utah, 3 microfilm rolls, [LDS FHL microfilms 1403137/39].
73. Lew, Aki, 14 January 1997, "Letter regarding burials at the Graceland Cemetery, Chicago, IL," 5 p., (Michael A. Hobart collection).
74. Barnes, Scott, 15 July 2000, "Ingeborg Gronen," (Michael A. Hobart collection).
75. Laingen, Torsten P., 1930, Mindeblade om Pastor L. P. Thorkveen, Chicago, IL: John Anderson Publishing Company / Dr. J. O. Hall, (in Norwegian), 192 p., (Michael A. Hobart collection).
76. Watonwan County (Minnesota), Clerk of District Court, 1989, Death records: index 1870-1986, registers 1870-1906, Salt Lake City, UT: Genealogical Society of Utah, 1 microfilm roll, [LDS FHL microfilm 1671932#2-4], (1966, p. 470, l. 2).
77. Martin County (Minnesota), Clerk of District Court, Birth records 1867-1940, indexes 1867-1942, Salt Lake City, UT: Genealogical Society of Utah, 3 microfilm rolls, [LDS FHL microfilms 1862273/75].
78. Dakota County (Nebraska) Probate Court, 1995, Marriage records, 1856-1993; indexes, 1851-1986, Salt Lake City, UT: Genealogical Society of Utah, 19 microfilm rolls, [LDS FHL microfilms 2021908/16, 2021957/66], (v. 4, p. 466).
79. Minnesota District Court (Hennepin County), 1968-70, Marriage license index, ca. 1853-1918 ; Marriage licenses, 1853-1916; Marriage applications, 1871-1917, Minneapolis, MN: The Court, 77 microfilm rolls, [LDS FHL microfilms 1380394/471], (v. 129, p. 1).
80. Rose, Arthur P., 1912, An Illustrated History of Lyon County, Minnesota, Marshall, MN: Northern History Publishing Co., p. 193.
81. Ibid. p. 447.
82. Acacia Park Cemetery, 20 June 1998, "Reply to letter from Michael A. Hobart of 12 June 1998 re Knudson burials," 1 page, Michael A. Hobart collection.
83. Bjorkheim, Kari, n.d., "Aneliste for Ingeborg Hansdotter Bolstad (your grandfather Eng) [for Bruce Laingen]," 5 p., L. Bruce Laingen collection; copy in Michael A. Hobart collection.
84. Hovdhaugen, Einar, 1974, Gardar og Slekter i Fron, Fron, Norway: Fron Historielag, 2 vols., 558+639 p., [LDS FHL microfiche 6068051].
85. Lillevold, Eyvind, 1972-77, Vinger Bygdebok: Gards- og Slekts-Historie, Hamar, Norway: Elverum Trykk, 3 v.
86. Hougen, Engebret, 1953-1974, Ættesoge for Gudbrandsdalen, Lillehammer, Norway: Dølaringen Boklag Gausa, 3 vols., 263+191+199 p., (b. 2, p. 115).
87. Horvei, Nils Aksel, n.d., Slekten Busvold, n.p. [presumably Nils A. Horvei], (cited by Amund Grimstad).
88. Hougen, Engebret, 1953-1974, Ættesoge for Gudbrandsdalen, Lillehammer, Norway: Dølaringen Boklag Gausa, 3 vols., 263+191+199 p., (b. 2, p. 86).
89. Ibid. (b. 2, p. 81).
90. Ibid. (b. 2, s. 97).
91. Ibid. (b. 2, p. 79).
92. Ibid. (b. 2, p. 148).
93. Ibid. (b. 2, p. 78).
94. Dalen, Lars, n.d., Roots and Branches, n.p. [presumably Lars Dalen], (cited by Amund Grimstad), p. 9.
95. Ibid. p. 8.
96. Hougen, Engebret, 1953-1974, Ættesoge for Gudbrandsdalen, Lillehammer, Norway: Dølaringen Boklag Gausa, 3 vols., 263+191+199 p., (b. 2, p. 147).
97. Ibid. (v. 2, p. 147).
98. Dalen, Lars, n.d., Roots and Branches, n.p. [presumably Lars Dalen], (cited by Amund Grimstad).
99. Hougen, Engebret, 1953-1974, Ættesoge for Gudbrandsdalen, Lillehammer, Norway: Dølaringen Boklag Gausa, 3 vols., 263+191+199 p., (b. 2, p. 164).

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