|Medical Notes for Valentin Schaleben|
|Died from cholera while in Garibaldi's army.|
|He was born in the Stelz district. The godparents and witnesses at his christening were Gaudenz Mann, Jan Gasal, Margreth Bartsch, Elsbeth Michal, and Christina Halstabin. He was still from the Stels district at his confirmation.|
His son told of a story his father had told him, that about 1813-1814 during fighting in Troy, France, during the Napoleanic Wars, Valentin had hid inside baker's ovens until the fighting was over. He then tried to get across the border to Switzerland. Valentin's son Valentin had received a letter from a cousin Juliet Schaleben in France about 1915, after the invasion of France in World War I. Juliet recalled that she was his only living relative then in France.11
Valentin was living in Pritigau (which is a area near the Austrian border) at the time of his marriage. His son's obituary states that they were living in Luzein, in the Pritigau region along the Landquart River in Graubünden, when the son was born in 1847.
He is listed just after his father's family in the 1848 census so is either living in the same household or adjacent to them.
I did not see Valentin listed in the 1850 Swiss census for Schiers, either living there or absent but having citizenship rights. I also did not see Rudolph Hartman (see just below).
He was serving in Garibaldi's army at time of death. A letter which belonged to Cora (Halvorson) Gronewold had stated that he was buried in Naples. But if he really died in Palermo it seems more likely that he would be buried at that place. An affadavit by his son Valentin on 7 March 1912 states that Rudolph Hartman was a colleague of Valentin and served with him in Italy. Rudolph was with Valentin when he died from bubonic plague in Palermo, Italy, on 11 August 1854. Valentin (Jr.) stated that he had often heard of his father's death from Rudolph.
Note that under the Treaty of Vienna in 1815 the Swiss were forbidden to provide mercenaries or fighting men outside of Switzerland anywhere but for the Papal Guard. Hence many of the Swiss fighting under Garibaldi were employed under the euphemism of "military musicians."
|1835 Swiss census, v. CB IV 15, p. 309 (no. 1388) [LDS FHL microfilm 1475935#3]|
1838 Swiss census, Schiers, Graubünden, v. CB IV 24, p. 193 (no. 1174) [LDS FHL microfilm 1475937]
1848 Swiss census, Schiers, Graubünden, v. CB IV 29, p. 473 (no. 1285) [LDS FHL microfilm 1475940#2]
Civil War widow's pension certificate 739579 file
|Medical Notes for Christina (Spouse 1)|
|Death certificate lists cause of death as LeGrippe. Contributory cause listed as fracture of hip due to fall, suffered eight years previously.|
|She was born in the Fajauna district. The godparents and witnesses at her christening were Georg Flütsch, Sebastian Meyer, Anna Flütsch born Gaduf, Anna Mayer, and Barbara Willi. |
She was described as being from the Fj. [Fajauna] district at the time of her confirmation. The scripture used was Proverbs 10,11. Valentin and Christina were married in Schiers, Graubünden, Switzerland. It was published on 27 July 1845 and they were married on 3 August 1845. She was living with Valentin's parents at the time of the 1848 census. Christina and her two sons were living with her parents at the time of the 1850 Swiss census.
Schiers is located in the Pratigau valley along the Landquart River in eastern Switzerland. It is in Grabunden, the easternmost and largest Canton in Switzerland. The Pratigau valley runs from the Rhine River at Landquart to the east and southeast. It is just a short distance (usually about 10 kilometers, or 6 miles) south of the border with Liechtenstein and Austria. The floor of the valley rises from a few hundred meters elevation at Landquart to 1200 meters at Klosters, a distance of 28 km. The surrounding mountains are quite high, steeper on the north side of the valley where the peaks frange from 2200 to 2800 meters elevation. The Pratigau Valley was named by the Romans for its meadows (prati). It is possible to get a view of it in the television series "Swiss Rail Journeys" in the episode entitled "The Davos Line." That episode follows the rail route from Landquart up the valley to Klosters, and then onwards to the resort area of Davos.
She emigrated from Switzerland to Sauk City, Wisconsin, in 1856, accompanied by her relatives. Cristine Schaleben, age 32, and child Nicolas, age 8, arrived in New York on 11 July 1856 on board the ship "New York," 524.63 tons, Edward Edwards, master, which had sailed from Havre, France3. There were a total of 22 people shown as coming from Switzerland out of 214 on the passenger manifest. She is listed just after the family of Jacob (a. 36) and Elisabeth (a. 35) Toni and their children and just before Johanne Schmitt (a. 30). Christina and Nicolas are passengers 199 and 200 on the manifest. Note that the mother of Valentine Schaleben was surnamed Toni, so Jacob Toni's family were probably some of the relatives she was traveling with to America.
She met her second husband in Sauk City and married him there in 1857. They moved to Linden Township, Brown County, Minnesota, in 1858.
Madelia News, Vol. 1, No. 15, 17 February 1916:
"Came With Very Early Settlers
Mrs. Johannes Johanni Claimed
by Death - Came to This
State in Early Day.
First Husband Was In
Survived by Fifteen Grandchildren
and Some Twenty-Six Great
Mrs. Christine Johanni, whose recent illness was mentioned in this paper, passed away at her home in this village Tuesday afternoon at 3:40 o'clock.
Mrs. Johanni was one of the earliest settlers of this locality, coming here among the very earliest of those, who settled and developed this portion of Minnesota. This venerable pioneer wife and mother was of sturdy Teutonic stock, well suited to stand the hardships and privations that fell to the women of her time. For the past 25 years she had lived in Madelia, living a life of comparative ease, well earned by the strenuous years that had gone before.
Born in Switzerland.
Her maiden name was Christine Ternutzer, and she was a native of Graubünden, Petrigrau [sic], Switzerland, the date of her birth being April 15, 1823. Her marriage to Valentin Schaleben occurred in the town of her nativity in 1846. Eight years later Mr. Schaleben lost his life at Palermo, Sicily, while enlisted with the liberty-seeking forces under Garibaldi in the famous campaign which ____ ___ ___ ___ to win freedom for Italy.
Two sons had been born to this union, Valentin Schaleben, now a well known resident of this place, and Nicholas Schaleben, who was killed by lightning on a farm in Linden in 1866. Two years after her husband's death Mrs. Schaleben emigrated to America, in company with her relatives, settling at Saux City, Wisconsin. Here she met and in 1857 was married to Johannes Johanni. A year later they moved to Minnesota, and located in Linden township, north of Madelia. This was one of the first families to establish a home in Brown county, and they later endured the terrors of the Indian uprisings, during which period Johannes Johanni served in the campaign against the Sioux marauders in the ranks of the Second Minnesota cavalry regiment.
To Mr. and Mrs. Johanni three children were born, Elizabeth dying in childhood; Anna, now Mrs. Clement Halverson of Linden, and Ulrich Johanni of this place.
The deceased is survived by 15 grandchildren, Mrs. H. A. Martin, of Madelia; Mrs. A. F. Hunte, of Truman; Wilhelm Schalaben, of Madelia; Mrs. D. E. Pettersen, of Madelia; Dr. H. O. Schaleben, of Seward, Alaska; Prof. H. O. Halvorson, of Queens university, Kingston, Canada; Mrs. Theodore Laingen, of Linden; Mrs. Samuel Harbo, of Linden; Mrs. Vernon Lewis, of Lewisville; Alfred Halvorson, of Linden; and Eddie, Willard, Cora, Lucille and Verna Halvorson of Linden. Mrs. Johanni's great-grandchildren number 26. Anna Johanni and Valentin Schaleben both married into the family of Ole Halvorson Fjeld of Linden, making their children double cousins.
The funeral will be held from the East Lutheran church this afternoon (Thursday) at 1 o'clock."
She filed for a widow's pension based upon Johannes' Civil War service on 8 February 1912, application 980061, and received certificate 739579. Her application was signed by her mark, so she apparently could not write. She was receiving a pension of $12 per month at the time of her death.
Her widow's pension application states that her first husband died at Naples, which disagrees with the affadavit of her son Valentin Jr. The latter is probably the correct information.
Her gravestone reads:
Apr. 15, 1823
Feb. 22, 1916
|11, 14 (v. 2, p. 496), 16 (Riverside Cemetery photos)|
Civil War widow's pension certificate 739579 file
1835 Swiss census, Schiers, Graubünden, v. CB IV 15, p. 306 (no. 1278) [LDS FHL microfilm 1475935#3]
1838 Swiss census, Schiers, Graubünden, v. CB IV 24, p. 191 (no. 1021) [LDS FHL microfilm 1475937]
1848 Swiss census, Schiers, Graubünden, v. CB IV 29, p. 473 (no. 1286) [LDS FHL microfilm 1475940#2]
1850 Swiss census, Schiers, Graubünden, v. CB IV 35, p. 317 (no. 1276) [LDS FHL microfilm 1475950#3]
1860 U.S. census, Brown Co., Minnesota, r. 567, p. 255
1865 Minn. census, Brown Co., Linden, p. 2 [LDS FHL microfilm 565714]
1870 U.S. census, Brown Co., Minnesota, r. 1, p. 1006
1875 Minnesota census, Brown Co., v. B-2, p. 211 [LDS FHL microfilm 565717]
1880 U.S. census, Brown Co., Minnesota, r. 616, p. 44D
1885 Minn. census, Brown Co., p. 481 [LDS FHL microfilm 565735]
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